- According to data from the country’s National Institute for Space Research (INPE), between August 1, 2021 and July 31, 2022, an area the size of Qatar has been deforested in the Brazilian Amazon.
- The figure represents an 11.27% reduction in the annual deforestation rate in the Amazon compared to the previous year, but President Bolsonaro’s government said it is still the most depleted Amazon in the last 34 years. conservationists say.
- Bolsonaro’s four-year term ends with a 59.5% boom in deforestation rates in the Amazon, the highest during his presidency since 1988, when satellite imagery began measuring.
- The INPE report, dated 3 November and released just 27 days later, sparked criticism among environmentalists and prompted the Bolsonaro administration to announce its decision at the UN conference on climate change held from 6 to 20 November at COP27. It accused it of omitting annual deforestation data until the end. in egypt.
Annual deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon has decreased by 11.27% year-on-year, according to official data. But President Bolsonaro’s government still accounts for the most Amazon destruction in 34 years, according to environmentalists.
Between 1 August 2021 and 31 July 2022, an area of 11,568 square kilometers (4,466 square miles), the size of Qatar, had been cleared, the country’s state broadcaster said on 30 November. According to a preliminary analysis of satellite imagery published by the Institute for Space Research (INPE). Deforestation in the previous period (1 August 2020 to 31 July 2021) was 13,038 km2 (5,034 mi2), the highest since 2006.
Since taking office in January 2019, Bolsonaro has dismantled environmental agencies and cut funding to combat environmental crime. He also pushed an anti-environmental and anti-Indigenous agenda in Congress called the “Death Package.”
As a result, his four-year term saw a 59.5% spike in deforestation rates in the Amazon, the highest during a presidential term since 1988, when satellite imagery measurements began, according to the network of climate observatories. The number of Brazilian civil society organizations that advocate for climate action, according to the Observatório do Clima.
“The Bolsonaro regime has been a forest-burning machine. That’s it,” said Marcio Astorini, Executive Director of the Climate Observatory, in a news release.
As indicated by INPE data, only Amazonas showed an increase in deforestation rate (2,607 km2 or 13.05%), while Amapa experienced the highest reduction in deforestation rate (6 km2 or 64.71%). . Para state, on the other hand, recorded a 20.94% reduction in deforestation rate, but the state estimates that in 2022 alone he will be the largest absolute contributor to deforestation in the Amazon, with 4,141 km2 (1,599 mi2). continues to be, he points out INPE.
The INPE report, dated November 3, was released just 27 days later and has sparked criticism among environmentalists. “As in 2021, Jair Bolsonaro’s government continues to opt to omit annual deforestation data until the end of the UN conference on climate change COP27, held in Egypt from 6-20 November. ,” Greenpeace said in a news release. “This attitude is yet another action by the federal government to camouflage its troubling legacy of much destruction.”
NGOs are calling on the recently elected President Lula to take urgent steps to tackle deforestation in the Amazon. “If Lula wants to reduce the number of deforestation in 2023, he must tolerate all environmental crime from his first day in office. It includes judging people,” Astorini said.
banner image: A patchwork of legal forest reserves, meadows and soybean farms in the Brazilian Amazon. Image by Rhett A. Butler/Mongabay.
Carla Mendes I am a Staff Contributing Editor in Mongabay, Brazil. Find her on her Twitter: @karlamendes
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Deforestation spikes in Brazil in final days of Bolsonaro’s defeat